All criminal cases, for persons 17 years or older, begin in the district court. The district court explains to the defendant the charges, his or her rights, and the possible consequences if convicted of the charge. The court also determines the bail amount and collects bail. If the defendant is charged with a misdemeanor that is punishable by not more than one year in jail, the district court will conduct a trial and sentence the defendant if found guilty. In felony cases (generally, cases that are punishable by more than one year in prison) the district court will set the bail amount and hold a preliminary examination to determine if a crime was committed and if there is probable cause to believe the defendant committed the crime. If so, the case is transferred to the circuit court for trial.
- Felonies – Felonies are crimes of a more serious nature that usually carry a possible jail term of more than one (1) year.
- Misdemeanors – are usually more serious traffic violations that can result in arrest. The maximum penalty for crimes in this category is $1,000 and/or up to one (1) year in jail. Most misdemeanor cases require a mandatory court appearance. Failure to appear can result in a warrant for your arrest.
- Civil Infractions – are minor traffic violations such as speeding or seat belt violations, etc. Civil infraction violations are non-criminal and punishable by only fines and costs. The Secretary of State may add points to your driving record.
Adjournment requests will be considered for good cause only. All requests must be submitted to the court in writing five (5) days prior to your scheduled court date. Emergency matters will be considered with verifiable circumstances.
Contact: 313.928.0535 ext. 225